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Acne is one of the most common pores and skin situation which affects ninety% of population on occasion in lifestyles. It heals automatically (self-limiting) in maximum of the cases with out leaving any scar.
It is characterised with the aid of seborrhoea, the formation of comedones, erythematous papules and pustules. Less frequently there will be appearance, nodules, cysts, deep pustules or pseudocysts. In a few instances, it’s far observed by means of scars.
It is normally visible in youngsters or teenagers. An expected eighty–ninety% of teens (8 out of 10) suffer from acne. During puberty in both sexes, pimples seems as a result of an boom in androgens consisting of testosterone. It develops in advance in ladies than in males.
In a few instances zits can have an effect on humans even in their forties additionally. One out of each 20 folks of their fourth decade is in all likelihood to have zits.
The prevalence charges are pronounced lower in a few rural societies. In 2010 by myself, acne become anticipated to have an effect on 650 million people globally making it the eighth most commonplace ailment global. People are commonly affected by this hassle in particular earlier than and after puberty.
Because of its beauty fee acne assumes lot of importance inside the society.
What is Acne?
Acne is persistent inflammation of pilo-sebaceous follicles characterised by using regions of blackheads, whiteheads, zits, greasy pores and skin, and in all likelihood scarring.
It produces ugly spots on the face, nose, neck, higher part of chest, again and higher hands/ shoulders and buttocks.
The sebaceous gland is the web site of the problems. These glands produce sebum which, incorporates ldl cholesterol, fatty acids and waxes. Several things can cross wrong with this pretty simple process. For example, if the manufacturing of sebum increases or if lifeless cells clog up the openings of the glands, the go with the flow of the sebum receives disturbed. As a result the pores get blocked and black pimples develop because the sebum spills into the encircling tissue. These pimples may even get infected. Male hormones, the androgens, are responsible, especially for the over manufacturing of sebum and the consequent improvement of pimples.
In Unani gadget of medication, pimples vulgaris is named as Basoor-e- Labniya, Mohasa or Keel. Busoor-e- Labaniyah because of this eruptions of milk due to whitish discharge akin to milk. According to Ibn-e- Sina (Canon of Medicine), these are small white eruptions on the nose and cheeks which resemble condensed drops of milk.
Causes of Acne
According to modern remedy the exact reason of pimples is unknown however several elements along with genetics, hormonal modifications, infections, skin cosmetics, certain medications and environmental conditions play important role in inflicting acne.
As according to Unani classics the reason of pimples is suppurative material (madda Sadeediya), which comes to the skin surface due to vapours of the body (bukharat-e- badan) and this material does no longer get resolved within the pores and skin due to its viscosity.
According to a few Unani physicians, the principle purpose of zits (Busoor-e- Labaniyah) is the hyperactivity of sebaceous glands (Ghudud-e- Dohniya), which results into improved manufacturing of oily cloth. This oily material gets clogged into the openings of these glands. These glands are then inflamed, get suppurated and packed with pus.
The yellow pus (madda-e- sadeedi) reaches to the skin due to improved abnormal warmness (ifraat-e- hararat ) and does not get resolved without difficulty from the pores. In other words, the yellow pus (madda-e- sadeediyah) originates because of the bukharat-e- badan and later gets shifted in the direction of skin.
The yellow liquid of pimples (busoor-e-labaniyah) is converted from the body vapours (bukharat-e- badan), that are collected in the pores and skin and their light components (raqeeq) get converted right into a thick fluid due to the effect of air and those thick substances are not without difficulty resolved, consequently the pores get blocked.
There are many reasons which result in the above defined pathogenesis, consisting of
Increased blood quantity inside the body
Use of hot diets
Use of alcohol
Impurities of the blood
Sudden stoppage of haemorrhoidal blood
Menstrual disturbances and so on.
Signs of Acne
Blackheads (open plugged pores)
Whiteheads (closed plugged pores)
Papules (Small pink, tender bumps)
Pustules (Pimples that are papules with pus at their tips)
Nodules (Large, stable, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin)
Cystic lesions (Painful, pus-filled lumps under the surface of the pores and skin)
Symptoms of Acne
Acne can purpose greater than blemishes. Studies show that human beings who have acne could have
Low self- esteem
Dark spots at the pores and skin
Diagnosis of Acne
Your General medical doctor will be able to behavior diagnosis of acne just by using looking at your pores and skin spots. This will contain inspecting your face, chest, neck and back and so forth. Looking for the exclusive varieties of spots, inclusive of blackheads or sore, red nodules etc.
Acne is recognized particularly by using its appearance. Physical exam, medical and personal history are beneficial to rule out every other opportunities inside the prognosis of zits.
The preventive measures can assist the patients specially to reduce the severity, swollenness and redness of the face. These pointers can alleviate the headaches springing up from zits.
Avoid touching and scratching of the affected parts again and again. Wash your palms frequently with antiseptic lotions and preserve them smooth.
Avoid makeups. If required use best the ones types which might be oil unfastened and do now not clog up the pores.
Stay far from daylight as it may produce greater oil glands causing pimples. Use sunscreen when you circulate outdoor.
Balanced and complete weight-reduction plan must be favored with greater intake of fresh veggies and end result.
Drink more and more quantity of water (10-12 glasses every day) to flush out the toxins from the body.
Avoid drinking of drinks like coffee, tea and alcohol. Also avoid smoking.
Regular workout are helpful to expel out the excreta from the frame.
Avoid tight clothes inclusive of caps and scarves. Wear mild and loose garments.
As per Unani philosophy the basic concepts which might be accompanied for the management of zits are:
Removal of underlying cause
Improvement of digestion and correction of hepatic insufficiency
Medication to enhance the pleasant of blood and if required then minimise the quantity also.
Use of blood purifiers
The mainstay for the treatment of zits in present day medication is using topical and or systemic antibiotics and retinoids. However long time use of these pills may also produce substantial side consequences.
Physicians of Unani machine were training many herbo- mineral formulations (each local in addition to oral routes) for the treatment of pimples, acne, and scars that are beneficial within the treatment and control of acne vulgaris.
Oral tablets are required while zits is extreme and can not be controlled by means of local tablets and measures.
Scars which result from acne require specialised care & control. Unani natural treatment successfully treatments this sickness without any poor consequences.
List of Unani single drugs: Out of those a few are used orally and a few domestically
Shaahatara Fumaria indica
Chiraitah Swertia chirayita
Sarphoka Tephrosia purpurea
Unnab Zizyphus jujuba
Sandal ki lakdi Santalum album
Neem ke patte Azadirachta indica
Sangtra ka chhilka Citrus sinensis
Gheekwar Aloe vera
Javitri Myristica fragrans
Dalchini Cinnamomum zeyalenicum
Anar ka Sangtra Punica granatum
Baadaam Shireen ka safoof Prunus dulcis/amygdalus
Ajwayin seeds Ptychotis Ajowan
Arand ka tel Ricinus communis
Menthi Trigonella foenum- graecum
Til ke beej Sesamum indicum
Haldi ka safoof Curcuma longa
Khire ka ras Cucumis sativus
Lemoon ka ras Citrus limon
Pudine ka ras Mentha arvensis
Arq-e- gulaab Rosa damascena
Zaitoon ka tel Olea europaea
Qaranful Syzygium aromaticum
Compound Preparations to be had in market
Itrifal Shahatra, Majoon Ushba, Habb-e- Qooqaya, Safoof Barg-e- Neem, Habb-e- Musaffi, Sharbat-e- Musaffi and Sharbat-e- Unnab are commonplace unani compound formulations for treating pores and skin troubles. And these are beneficial compound formulations in the remedy of pimples.
Some useful Preparations and homemade remedies
Prepare a aggregate of four gms each of Shaahtara (Fumaria indica), Chiraitah (Swertia chirayita), Sarphuka (Tephrosia purpurea), Globe flower (Trollius europaeus) and Unnab (Zizyphus jujuba) five portions. Boil in approximately two hundred ml. Of water. Strain it. Add sugar as required. Consume twice an afternoon i.E. In the morning and earlier than going to bed.
Apply yellow Indian cucumber juice (Cucu